Indian Journal of Private Psychiatry

Register      Login

VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Prevalence, Patterns and Correlation of Behavioral and Emotional Disorders in School-going Children and Adolescents: A Cross-sectional Study

Kaveri Chougule, Ankit Halder, Prakash Behere, Nikhil Chougule

Keywords : Adolescents, Behavioral and emotional problems, Screening, Youth self-report

Citation Information : Chougule K, Halder A, Behere P, Chougule N. Prevalence, Patterns and Correlation of Behavioral and Emotional Disorders in School-going Children and Adolescents: A Cross-sectional Study. Ind J Priv Psychiatry 2024; 18 (1):19-21.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10067-0153

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 03-01-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: School-going early adolescent population are most vulnerable to psychiatric disorders. The study was undertaken to determine the prevalence, patterns, and correlation of behavioral and emotional disorders in school-going early adolescent children. Material and methods: The present study was conducted in Kolhapur district schools. A total of 376 students of age 6–16 years, without any diagnosed medical/surgical illnesses and known to teachers for at least 3 months were included in the study. The school teachers were then introduced to the screening tools such as the pediatric symptom checklist PSC for 6–12 years and youth self-report Y-PSE for ≥12 years. Results: The mean age of the children was 9.80 ± 1.85 years, ranging from 6 to 13 years. The majority of participants were male (52.92%). The incidence of behavioral and emotional disorders was found to be 46.67%. The prevalence of behavioral and emotional disorders was more in children of 10–11 years of age (34.07%), followed by 12–13 years (29.12%), 8–9 years (27.32%), and 6–7 years (9.34%). Whereas, prevalence in boys was more than in girls (53.30% vs 46.70%). The assessment of the pattern of emotional and behavioral problems in the children revealed that external problems were most common in children followed by attention problems and internalizing problems. A significant correlation was seen between academic performance and the presence of emotional and behavioral problems in children (p = 0.000). Conclusion: Alarming number of school-going early adolescent children are suffering from emotional and behavioral problems at the study site causing a significant impact on academic performance. These data suggest urgency in establishing a school-based mental health service.


PDF Share
  1. World Health Organization. The World Health Report 2001 – Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope; 2001.
  2. Belfer ML. Child and adolescent mental health around the world: Challenges for progress. J Indian Assoc Child Adolesc Ment Health 2005;1(1):17–23. DOI: 10.1177/0973134220050103.
  3. Magai DN, Malik JA, Koot HM. Emotional and behavioral problems in children and adolescents in Central Kenya. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2018;49(4):659–671. DOI: 10.1007/s10578-018-0783-y.
  4. Klein AM, Otto Y, Fuchs S, et al. A prospective study of behavioral and emotional symptoms in preschoolers. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 2015;24(3):291–299. DOI: 10.1007/s00787-014-0575-2.
  5. Ogundele MO. Behavioral and emotional disorders in childhood: A brief overview for pediatricians. World J Clin Pediatr 2018;7(1):9–26. DOI: 10.5409/wjcp.v7.i1.9.
  6. Gustafsson BM. Identifying patterns of emotional and behavioural problems in preschool children: Facilitating early detection. Linköping University Electronic Press; 2018 Dec 20, Sweden.
  7. Biswas R, Biswas P, Das G, et al. Prevalence of behavioral disorders in children and early adolescent: An Eastern Indian single center study. Asian J Med Sci 2022;13(2):106–113. DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v13i2.40808.
  8. Chaudhury S, Prasad PL, Zacharias R, et al. Psychiatric morbidity pattern in a child guidance clinic. Med J Armed Forces India 2007;63(2):144–146. DOI: 10.1016/S0377-1237(07)80059-1.
  9. Pathak R, Sharma RC, Parvan UC, et al. Behavioral and emotional problems in school-going adolescents. Australas Med J 2011;4(1):15. DOI: 10.4066/AMJ.2011.464.
  10. Chandola, R. Loss of parents and its effect on children's personality development. Int J Recent Sci Res. 2017;8:21409–21411. DOI: 10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0811.1068.
  11. Pillai A, Patel V, Cardozo P, et al. Non-traditional lifestyles and prevalence of mental disorders in adolescents in Goa, India. Br J Psychiatry 2008;192(1):45–51. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.106.034223.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.