Indian Journal of Private Psychiatry

Register      Login

VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2023 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

An Analysis of Telugu Suicides by Gender

Gopala S Poduri

Keywords : Andhra Pradesh, Bifurcation, Gender, Sex ratio, Suicide rate, Telangana

Citation Information : Poduri GS. An Analysis of Telugu Suicides by Gender. Ind J Priv Psychiatry 2023; 17 (1):20-25.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10067-0131

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 10-02-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Background: Gender differences are getting progressively narrowed in all fields. Aim: Evaluate the Telugu suicides to find out if any gender differences are there in various parameters in Telugu states. Methods: Suicide data from the national portal were analyzed to find out gender differences in cause, education, income, method, profession, rate, and social status, for the period 1967–2021 before bifurcation (1967–2013) and after bifurcation (2014–2021). Further, differences between the two states were analyzed separately. Simple basic statistics and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used to compare parameters. Results: There were a total of 471,285 Telugu suicides in the 56-year period of 1966–2021. Sex ratio (male/female) was 2.55. The lowest no. of suicides was recorded in 1980 (1,905) and the highest in 2021 (18,238). Female suicides recorded a reduction after bifurcation to an average of 29.1%. There was a marginal reduction in suicide after bifurcation due to reduced female suicides. The predominance of male suicides over women was maintained all through the recorded period. This continued even when the state was bifurcated. The contribution of Telugu suicides to total suicides was 9.8%. In most of the parameters studied, there were differences between the sexes. Telangana persistently recorded a higher rate. Conclusions: Further in-depth analysis is required to correlate with other associated parameters to identify sex-specific factors for suicide.

  1. Baggio G, Corsini A, Floreani A, et al. Gender medicine: A task for the third millennium. Clin Chem Lab Med 2013;51(4):713–727. DOI: 10.1515/cclm-2012-0849.
  2. Pridmore S, Pridmore W. Suicide is Impacted by Culture: Gender Suicide Rates. Neurology and Neurobiology. https://www. › su Neurology and Neurobiology. From: Suicide is Impacted by Culture: Gender Suicide Rates 2020. › articles › suici...PDF.
  3. Lester D, Frank ML. Sex differences in the seasonal distribution of suicides. Br J Psychiatry 1988;153:115–117. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.15.1.115.
  4. Ramesh P, Taylor PJ, McPhillips R, et al. A scoping review of gender differences in suicide in India. Front Psychiatry 2022;13:884657. DOI: 10.89/fpsyt.2022.884657.
  5. Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India. National Crime Records Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India website for different years from h://
  7. Miranda-Mendizabal A, Castellví P, Parés-Badell O, et al. Gender differences in suicidal behaviour in adolescents and young adults: Systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Int J Public Health 2019;64:265–268. DOI: 10.1007/s0008-018-1196-1.
  8. Canetto SS, Sakinofsky I. The gender paradox in suicide. Suicide Life Threat Behav 1998;28(1):1–23. PMID: 956016.
  9. Barrigon ML, Cegla-Schvartzman F. Sex, gender, and suicidal behavior. Curr Top Behav Neurosci 2020;46:89–115. DOI: 10.1007/7854_2020_165.
  10. Oner S, Yenilmez C, Ayranci U, et al. Sexual differences in the completed suicides in Turkey. Eur Psychiatry 2007;22(4):223–228. DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2007.01.002.
  11. Valerie J Callanan, Mark S Davis. Gender differences in suicide methods. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2012;47:857–869. DOI: 10.1007/s00127-011-09-5.
  12. Lester D. The sex distribution of suicides by age in nations of the world. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 1990;25(2):87–88. DOI: 10.1007/bf00794987. PMID: 26582.
  13. Xu X, Zhang J, Zhou Q, et al. Gender characteristics in methods of Chinese rural young suicides. Int J Ment Health Addict 2021;19(2):438–446. DOI: 10.1007/s11469-019-00078-1.
  14. Kposowa AJ, McElvain JP. Gender, place, and method of suicide. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2006;41(6):435–443. DOI: 10.1007/s00127-006-0054-2.
  15. Karimi K, Faraklas I, Lewis G, et al. Increased mortality in women: Sex differences in burn outcomes. Burns Trauma 2017;5:18. DOI: 10.1186/s4108-017-008-y.
  16. Qin P, Agerbo E, Westergård-Nielsen N, et al. Gender differences in risk factors for suicide in Denmark. Br J Psychiatry 2000;177:546–550. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.177.6.546.
  17. Hawton K. Sex and suicide: Gender differences in suicidal behaviour. Br J Psychiatry 2000;177(6):484–485. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.177.6.484.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.