Citation Information :
Raju SS, Kaur D, Dere SS, Ghildiyal R. Profile of Psychiatric Disorders among COVID-19 Patients Admitted at COVID-designated Medical College and Hospital. Ind J Priv Psychiatry 2022; 16 (2):67-71.
Introduction: There is sparse literature on psychiatric disorders among Coronavirus (COVID-19) disease patients at tertiary health care centers. Aims and objectives: To study the profile of psychiatric disorders among COVID-19 disease patients admitted at COVID-designated medical college and hospital and to assess demographic factors like age, sex, referring units, psychiatric diagnosis, and psychiatric intervention. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was conducted among patients admitted for COVID-19 disease referred to psychiatry department for consultation liaison psychiatry services from April 2020 to November 2020 (First wave) in COVID-designated medical college and hospital fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Case records of adult patients admitted at COVID-designated hospital with reference for psychiatry were eligible for the study. Case records with incomplete data were excluded from the study. A predesigned data collection form was used to assess demographic factors such as age, sex, referring units, psychiatric diagnosis, and psychiatric intervention. Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC) clearance was obtained. The data were tabulated in Excel sheet and analyzed with descriptive tests. Results: A sample size of 121 referrals was assessed; out of which, 4 patients’ records were incomplete and not diagnosed with psychiatric disorders nor psychological problems and were nil active from psychiatry. Hence, their records were excluded from the study. In the final analysis, 117 case records were included. We found that 76 (64.96%) were males and 41 (35.04%) were females; the mean age of the sample was 47.4 years; 62.39% were confirmed cases of COVID-19 disease, whereas 37.61% were probable cases of COVID-19 disease. The maximum number of referrals were received in the month of July (36.75%). The referrals were received mostly from COVID isolation wards (53.85%) followed by COVID high dependency unit (23.93%) and COVID intensive care unit (22.22%). The commonest psychiatric disorders among the referred patients were adjustment disorder (34.62%) followed by organic delirium (26.92%). Escitalopram was the most medication prescribed followed by clonazepam. Conclusion: We conclude that psychiatric disorders were found to be prevalent in patients with COVID-19 disease admitted at COVID-designated medical college and hospital and had a distinct profile with relevant clinical and research implications as per our study setting.
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