Background: Many studies have recognized that the first postgraduate year (PGY-1) of residency training is the most stressful. Failing to cope with the stress will have a negative impact on their work performance and the quality of patient care.
Aims and objectives: To investigate stress and burnout in PGY-1 residents and to explore the relationship between stress, coping strategies, and burnout.
Methods: Fifty-four PGY-1 residents completed the Perceived Stress Scale, the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory and Coping Inventory at baseline and after 6-month follow-up. The association among stress, burnout, and coping strategies was examined by paired t-test.
Results: PGY-1 resident students had an increase in the level of perceived stress, level of personal burnout, work-related burnout, and patient-related burnout from baseline to 6-month follow-up (p >0.05). In male resident doctors, only work-related burnout increased significantly with the duration of residency, while in females, a significant increase in the level of personal, work-related and patient-related burnout was observed.
Conclusion: The present study revealed high levels of stress that are predictor of burnout, which increases with the duration of the residency program.
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