Posttraumatic Stress Disorder following Sociopolitical Disaster in Nandigram, West Bengal, India: Comparison between Younger and Older Group of Women
Subhra Chandra, Jayanti Basu
Citation Information :
Chandra S, Basu J. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder following Sociopolitical Disaster in Nandigram, West Bengal, India: Comparison between Younger and Older Group of Women. Ind J Priv Psychiatry 2017; 11 (2):5-10.
Introduction: The present study purported to examine the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following the sociopolitical disaster of attempted eviction of residents of Nandigram, West Bengal, India, in 2007. The study compared the prevalence of PTSD in the younger group (YG) and older group (OG) of women in a selected sample, so that appropriate psychosocial intervention strategies could be formulated in future. Data were collected from 254 women, YG = 135, OG = 119, 1 month after exposure to trauma and from 247 women, YG = 130, OG = 117, 6 months after the trauma. A General Information Schedule (GIS) and Impact of Events Scale (IES) were administered. The mean values, standard deviations (SD) of each group were calculated for scores on IES. Student's t-test was used to calculate the significant difference between YG and OG; 1 month after the incident 59.06% revealed PTSD of moderate degree. The YG had significantly higher prevalence as compared with the OG. After 6 months, there was still a prevalence of 49.80%; however, the YG showed noteworthy improvement, whereas there was no noticeable difference in the OG. The findings indicate that exposure to traumatic event does lead to the vulnerability for development of PTSD in women, and there exists significant age difference in coping with trauma over time.
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